Ruger 10/22 Spare Parts Kit : What You Need to Know to Keep Your Ruger 10/22 Shooting for the next 100 years!

Ruger 10/22 and Glock model 19

The Ruger 10/22 and Glock Model 19 are a good combination and starting point.

The .22 rimfire is probably the world’s most used, yet underrated cartridge. A .22 rifle is one of the best, if not the best firearms, one can own for foraging in a survival situation, allowing the survivor to take small game quietly and can even be used for larger game with proper shot placement.

Many deer have been poached, with nothing more than a well placed .22lr round behind the ear. If forced the .22lr can be used to take small game and even deer at ranges of 75 yards or maybe even a little farther out if you’re a a good shot.

Granted the .22lr will be stretched for power and accuracy out past 75 yards, and I don’t suggest that you go start deer hunting with a .22lr, remember that we are talking about a survival situation…

The 22lr can also be used for limited self-defense, if nothing better is available – two to the body followed by one to the head, or something like that…

The .22LR ammo on the market today, is much more effective than only a few decades ago. High velocity rounds such as, the Winchester Power Point, CCI Stinger, Yellow Jacket, Zapper etc., offer better on target performance and longer range than standard LR rounds, but suffer a loss of accuracy when shot from most rifles.

Ruger 10/22 Takedown

Ruger 10/22 Takedown is also a great alternative to the standard Ruger 10/22

My advice is to buy as many different brands of 22lr ammunition that you are able to find, and test each in your Ruger 10/22, and then stock up on the one that you found to offer the best accuracy and reliability with your Ruger 10/22.

A good Ruger 10/22 rifle backed up with a center fire handgun, say a Glock 19, is a great choice for the survivalist / prepper, particularly those on a budget. Even if you plan to buy other more powerful firearms, a .22 rifle and centerfire handgun combination is a good starting point.

Keeping the Ruger 10/22 working

The Ruger 10/22 seldom breaks, and fortunately, if it does it isn’t all that difficult to repair, even for the non-gunsmith. Once you learn how the rifle works, and what the parts do each time the trigger is pulled, it’s generally not too difficult to figure out what has broken, when it breaks.

Ruger 10/22 Action

For instance with the 10/22, the trigger is pulled releasing the hammer from the sear, the hammer strikes the firing pin, driving the firing pin into the primer, which ignites the powder charge the expanding gases drive the bullet out of the barrel, this same explosive action also forces the bolt to blow back, the extractor grabs the rim of the fired cartridge pulling it from the chamber, the ejector flips it out, the bolt in its rearward travel also pushes the hammer back to its cocked position engaging the sear and hammer re-cocking the rifle, the bolt on its way back down under force of the recoil spring travels back down over the magazine, picking up a live round and chambering it.

Troubleshooting Ruger 10/22 Repairs

If the Ruger 10/22 is fired and the cartridge casing is left chambered then you would presume that the problem is with the extractor, and or, extractor spring. If the cartridge case is extracted, and not ejected, the problem is most likely with the ejector.

If the firing-pin is making a shallow impression on the primer, and not igniting the powder charge you would know to look at the hammer spring, hammer or firing-pin.

If you hear the hammer fall when the trigger is pulled but the round is not fired, and no impression is made on the primer, you probably have a broken firing-pin.

There is nothing really complicated about repairing firearms, at least so far as the replacement of broken parts.

With a little study and some common sense, getting your Ruger 10/22 up and firing again should not be all that difficult. The trick is in having a spare parts kit on hand so that you can quickly and easily complete the needed repair.

If you will write and ask for it, Ruger® will send you a free owners manual – the manual is also available online . The manual has a complete parts list and diagrams of each part and how they should go together in the weapon. A good place to find spare part is  Brownells, Inc.

If you’re new to this then I recommend that you get a copy of the “Complete Ruger 10/22 Rifle: Disassembly /Reassembly (DVD)” from

Recommended Parts Kit for the Ruger 10/22

Ruger 10/22 spare parts kit...

Ruger 10/22 spare parts kit…

A basic spare parts kit for the Ruger 10/22, should include; firing pin, firing pin rebound spring, extractor, extractor plunger, extractor spring, hammer spring, sear spring, magazine latch, recoil spring assembly, ejector, sear, magazine latch plunger spring, front and rear sight. Other parts can be included expanding on the basic list, but those listed are the ones which will most likely be needed.

About M.D. Creekmore

M.D. Creekmore is the owner and editor of He is the author of four prepper related books and is regarded as one of the nations top survival and emergency preparedness experts. Read more about him here.


  1. riverrider says:

    many times the spare parts cost almost as much as a whole gun. it gives me an excuse to buy another one. while i have more than one 10/22, the spare parts are cheap and easy to obtain due to so many people modifying their rifles with aftermarket parts. these parts will go on my list of future purchases. thanks md.

    • Exile1981 says:

      I had the extractor go on my 597 in 22lr and I could not find one for love or money that year, so I ended up getting a second 597 to use for parts and then of course the next week found a new extractor.

      • axelsteve says:

        sometimes with cars they take a part off of a new model year car to get a customers car repaired. Then the new car can`t be sold or used for test drives . I have seen that.

  2. Wolfman says:

    It would be a huge mistake to depend on a .22 rifle for more than small game. It is not designed for taking large game, it is not a stand-off caliber for defense. It is a very poor substitute for either, and might just get you killed. I know, the professionals use them for up close and personal work. In most cases, we are not professionals. Don’t get me wrong, it’s good to have .22s, just don’t be dependent on them.

    • Wolfman,

      Go back and read the article… particularly the part below

      Granted the .22lr will be stretched for power and accuracy out past 75 yards, and I don’t suggest that you go start deer hunting with a .22lr, remember that we are talking about a survival situation…

      The 22lr can also be used for limited self-defense, if nothing better is available – two to the body followed by one to the head, or something like that…


      The .22 rimfire is probably the world’s most used, yet underrated cartridge.

    • First… I own 3 .22 rifles and 2 1911 .22 target pistols. The ammo is cheap and they are no less fun to shoot. But, while I would rather have a .22 than a knife in battle… they are not very effective.

      I know a woman who, 25 years ago… was shot in the back of the head 3 times with a .22 at a range of less that 10 feet by her husband. She was able to crawl to a neighbor’s house and eventually get medical attention. Today, she is completely normal. And, divorced.

      It’s not just .22’s… it’s small calibers with light loads in general. My grandpa was in a gun fight in a bad part of town in 1968. he was shot 3 times in the torso with .25 and made a full recovery. I will say that he shot the other guy once, also with a .25… and while he was able to flee the scene, was found dead the next morning.

      Proving that with a small caliber weapon… shot placement is everything.

      I would rather be carrying a .223 or a .243 when I meet something large, or worse… something that can shoot back. These weapons can kill at 500 yards.

      I love my .22’s but, will not bring one to a gun fight. Nor will I use one to shoot at something bigger than a varmint.

    • axelsteve says:

      It sure beats being un armed.

  3. Jersey Drifter says:

    Great article M.D. !
    For anyone new to prepping / survival, and guns and how they fit into the equipment needs of being prepared, it is a nice easy read. Parts for repairs, repairs that can be done rather easily, are as important IMHO, as that bucket of rice you stashed away. When the SHTF a gun that won’t shoot is nothing more that a club.
    The same think could be applied to other guns, maybe different parts list, say for a pump shotgun, and maybe a little more difficult to replace, depending on the gun. But same thought process.
    Thanks for reminding me of some holes in my preps that I have been thinking about but slow to do anything about.

  4. axelsteve says:

    the 10\22 is a good lil gun.All that you need to do is learn a bit of Rugereese and they are not hard to understand.You can mod them by checkbook method or you can read up a bit and mod by massaging factory parts.However you want to do it.You can put crazy money into it also or just leave it stock. It is fun iether way.

  5. JP in MT says:

    I’ve had several 10/22’s over the years. The only one that “broke” anything was my first. I lost the crimp on the bolt handle that keeps the spring in place. The rifle still worked but occasionally had issues. Then it became a magazine loaded single shot. The bolt handle had become so loose, and I shot it so much, that I scalloped the top of the bolt! After not doing anything for a number of years, I finally contacted Ruger. They were fascinated, not having seen this issue, and asked that I send the bolt and bolt handle in. They sent new parts.

    Most people around here want the action, the rest is spare. Over the years we have gathered a lot of parts.

    Good Article.

  6. Bam Bam says:

    Hey, M.D., you’re a gun smith . . . since everyone has a 10/22 and parts are cheaper in bulk, why don’t you consider putting together several 10/22 repair kit packs and selling them–the profit could go to supporting the blog. I would buy a kit.

  7. Let us not forget the great .22’s made by Marlin. I’m not trying to start a fight, but I’ll stack my XT-22 against a 10/22 any day.
    Sure the Marlins don’t have 25 round mags, but my XT-22 is much more accurate than any 10/22 I’ve owned/shot in the past.

    If you are a fan of “Swamp People” you’ll notice more Marlins in the hands of these alligator hunters than 10/22’s.

    • axelsteve says:

      I do like Marlins over the Ruger overall.I will not deny that the takedown version Is a pretty handy Idea.The Papoose versus the 10/22 takedown is another story.It is also a ford vs chevy type thing.Being armed is the important thing.

  8. Worrisome says:

    Good article MD. I have been shooting 22’s since I was 5. Dad and big brother owned three guns…a 22, a shotgun and a hunting rifle and were big on having spare parts. Everything I have ever known about shooting ethics I learned from my dad. Don’t shoot until you are sure you can take it down in one. You wound it, you trail it. Don’t waste ammo. If you use it, clean it. Never put a gun on the ground. Always know it is loaded, even if you think it isn’t. Etc. but the one about spare parts, was always, if you haven’t gotta spare part, you don’t have a gun.

  9. al uhrich says:

    Not having shot a 10/22 before, I can’t really make a comment about 10/22’s. Having said that, I use to work in a packing house stockyards ( beef, hogs & sheep ) and the one thing or tool we used to put down dieased and crippled animals was a .22 lr single shot pistol and rifle. Used to now this one guy yrs ago, he was always bragging about bagging deer with a spot light and a .22, then there was a guy I worked with for awhile, he used a spot light and a 5mm rifle ( don’t know if they make that one any more ). It was their story, whether it’s true or not, don’t know.

  10. Right now my spare kit parts are contained in my 3 working 10/22 rifles. Single shots break opens are also good in that that have fewer moving parts to go wrong. On the other hand, a detachable 25 round magazine or two are much better for self defense.

  11. JP in MT says:


    I just found that has 10 round 10/22 mags for $10 each (limit 3). They also have special pricing on other 10/22 mags. Very limited time offer.

  12. Right now,CDNN is selling the 25 round ruger BX25 magazine for $19.99 that uis the cheapest ive seen them for sale in 2 years.I have enough parts laying around that i could probably build 2 or 3 ,10/22,s. great,dependable and accurate rifles.

    • j.r. guerra in s. tx. says:

      Thats a heckuva good price, thanks for the information. Last year saw those on sale for $50 a piece and just gagged on the price . . . I wonder how many they sold at that price !

      I’m a fan of the 10/22 as well, thanks for the post.

  13. Very good article on what parts to keep on hand to keep the 1022 running. Now we need to know what spare parts to have for the Glock.

  14. MD,
    good timing for a good article, I just last week picked up a shiny new stainless 10/22 from Walmart. I really wanted to add a 22LR rifle to go with my Walther P22 pistol. When I asked around, everyone had the same answer, The Ruger 10/22. One of the 7 Walmarts nearby had a stainless barrel/ synthetic stock model for $147.00, good deal. When I went to get it, it was like buying C4…three managers showed up to escort me to the front doors, after the box was secured with enough tape for 10 boxes…paranoid much?
    The first goodies I got were 25 rnd magazines and ammo from Luckygunner. I wanted to get spare parts, but there is a ton of stuff out there. Any ideas on what upgraded parts are a good investment or which are not worth it?

    • axelsteve says:

      I would say extended magazine release and the auto bolt plate thing if you don`t feel like modding the factory one. A scope mount being a rail or the see through type. tech sights? Sling swivels if they are not on it. Polish the bolt,smoother is always better.

      • axel,
        thanks, like I said there is so much out there, literally every part has a new and improved version available.

  15. Could you please clarify something for me? You said that “High velocity rounds… offer better on target performance … but suffer a loss of accuracy…” I’m not understanding what is meant here.

    The 10/22 is a great gun – and it seems, a good investment. I looked at 10/22’s about 2 years ago and on sale, brand new, I could find them for $199. Now the same gun on sale goes for around $269!

    I haven’t gotten around to buying my first one, however. I’m debating whether or not to get the regular or the break-down 10/22 (for survival purposes). I’m worried the breakdown one would suffer too much in accuracy.

    • Rob Crawford says:

      I did a lot of research before I bought my 10/22 take-down. From what I gathered, because of the way the sites are mounted and where the rifle comes apart, there is no harm to accuracy — more than one review said they were able to site the gun in, disassemble it, come back later and reassemble, and they were still sited-in.

      I haven’t had a chance to test this for myself.

      • will e styles says:

        Rob / Sandy,
        The iron sights are mounted to the barrel and have no real way of moving during assembly and dis-assembly. If you choose to put a scope on though it mounts to the receiver and I have had it drift as much as a 1/2 inch at fifty yards. End of the world? Don’t Know. I found the Laser Ruger made for the 10/22 gives me a reference for the retical and I can hit what I am aiming at out to 100 yards(the farthest I’ve shot with a 10/22) Hope this helps.

  16. I dont know , I have tried a few Rugers , all seemed to be lacking in some way . Stopped buying them , that company just doesnt seem to have it together .

  17. axelsteve says:

    I once bought a used 10/22 after my boating mishap. It was a standard carbine with wood stock.I put a 3×9 scope on it then I gave it to my son. He put a red dot on it and a folding stock. He likes it, I liked it. A factory parts kit would come in handy. A parts kit from the company that starts with a V would cost more then the gun did.

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